The Moors are not a specific race of people so you won’t find them named as such in the Bible itself. The word has never been clearly defined and remains ambiguous and confusing. This term has been broadly used to denote various people in North Africa, people who came from Morocco or simply to describe Muslims in general.
Historian Wayne Chandler stated, "Although the term Moor has been put to diverse use, its roots are still traceable. Circa 46BC the Roman army entered West Africa where they encountered Africans which they called "Maures" from the Greek adjective 'mauros,' meaning dark or black." During the European Renaissance explorers, writers and scholars began to apply the term Moor to Blacks in general.
The name "Moor" comes from the Greek word "Mavros" (plural Mavroi), meaning black or very dark, which in Roman Latin became "Mauro" (plural "Mauri"). The Roman word for black was not "mauro" but "niger" (Acts 13:1), or "Fusco" for “very dark”. In some but certainly not all, cases, Moors were described as “fuscus”.
This might explain why the Latin 'Maurus' translates literally into 'Moors', with no further definition. Furthermore, the word Negro is Spanish for black. The Spanish language comes from Latin, which has its origins in Classical Greek. The word Negro, in Greek, is derived from the root word necro, meaning dead.
Historically when the Greeks first traveled to Africa 2,500 years ago as students, they also appropriated the name “Ethiopian” meaning “burnt faces” to describe the inhabitants on the South side of the Mediterranean Ocean and to its Eastern Border Countries. The Greeks were in Spain around 500 BC, 300 years before the Romans. This is during the time of Zephaniah, Zechariah, Haggai, Jeremiah, Habakuk, the destroying and rebuilding of the temple, and when Judah became a Persian province.
The Romans probably pinched the term “Moor” from the Greeks, complete with its original connotation of 'dark'. When the Greeks returned to Europe, they took their distorted beliefs with them and the word Negro evolved out of this distortion.
In less than 300 years after the first Greeks came to Egypt as students, their descendants returned as conquerors. They destroyed the cities, temples and libraries of the Egyptians and claimed African knowledge as their own.
With the birth of the slave trade, it became necessary to dehumanize Africans and devalue their historical worth as a people in order to ensure their value as slaves so as a people, you simply became known as Black!
In any case, the word “Moor” was first applied officially to the indigenous people of a Roman province in North Africa called Mauritania (Latin = 'land of the Moors'). This roughly corresponds to present day North Morocco and Algeria. The name Morocco is another reminder of the region's "Moorish" past.
According to the older versions of the Oxford English Dictionary, the Moors, during the Middle Ages and as late as the 17th Century, were described as being black, dark skinned, or swarthy in complexion. Modern texts, such as Webster's New World Dictionary, groups all moors together under the terms Arab and Berber which has caused individuals to omit the association with Africans that are racially considered "black".
To put things in a clearer racial perspective, W. E. B Dubois in his work, "The World and Africa," wrote on this subject. "The Arabs brought the new religion of Mohammed into North Africa. During the seventh century, they (the Arabs) did not migrate in great numbers. Spain was conquered not by Arabs, but by armies of Berbers and Negroids led by Arabs."
If you fast-forward to the time Columbus was to supposedly “discovered” America, you will find the fulfilling of a Biblical prophecy that will show the Moor in the Bible.
Read Daniel 11:15, 25
“The Christians in the meantime continued their push southward until they finally moved in on Granada in 1492. The "capitulation" of the Catholic Kings, which took the form of the "Treaty of Granada" and outlined 69 articles of religious tolerance, was enough to woo the Moslems (Muslims) into surrendering peacefully. For a few short years there was a tense calm in the province but the inquisitors were never happy with the deal. The Church advisors, using religious justifications, convinced King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella to break the treaty and force the Moslems to become Christians or get the hell out of Spain.”
”To the Christians, Moor simply meant Muslim barbarian. They didn't care where these 'Moors' came from. Their only interest was to evict every last one of them from Spain. In the spring of 1492, shortly after the Moors were driven out of Granada, Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain expelled all the Jews from their lands and thus, by a stroke of the pen, put an end to the largest and most distinguished Jewish settlement in Europe.”
It would not be inaccurate to say that the Moors helped reintroduce Europe to civilization. But just who were the Moors of antiquity anyway? As early as the Middle Ages, and as early as the seventeenth century, "The Moors were," according to the Oxford English Dictionary, "commonly supposed to be mostly black or very swarthy, and hence the word is often used for negro." Dr. Chancellor Williams stated that, "The original Moors, like the original Egyptians, were Black Africans."
Read Daniel 11:40
“In 711, the Moors invaded Visigoth (Germanic peoples), Christian Hispania (Spain, Portugal, Mauritania, and Algiers). At the beginning of the eighth century Moorish soldiers crossed over from Africa into Spain, Portugal, and France, where their swift victories became the substance of legends. To the Christians of early Europe there was no question regarding the ethnicity of the Moors, and numerous sources support the view that the Moors were a black-skinned people.”
William Shakespeare, the lead writer responsible for the translation of the Bible for King James, used the word Moor as a synonym for African (The King James version of the Bible was published in 1611).
Black soldiers, specifically identified as Moors, were actively recruited by Rome, and served in Britain, France, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Poland, and Romania. St. Maurice, patron saint of medieval Europe, was only one of many Black soldiers and officers under the employ of the Roman Empire.The very first translation of the Hebrew Bible was into Greek (the Septuagint) during the 3rd to the 1st century B.C. Remember that during that time Greeks and Romans were referring to all African/Black people as Moors! The Greeks came to Africa as students to sit at the feet of these masters, and to discover what Africans already knew. In any student / teacher relationship the teacher can only teach as much as the student is capable of understanding. When you read the Bible do you understand who you are? Raise Up!!!
The direct link:
The Imani Foundation of Virginia
Visit our Black History Online Class
Buying or seliing a house in Hampton Roads Virginia
Getting married ? Visit www.happilyeverafter.be
We got Books ! Positive Vibes Litterature 757-523-1399